How to Become a Watchmaker

By becoming a watchmaker, you are embarking on a fascinating journey that combines passion, precision and artistry. Watchmakers possess a unique skill set that in order to be successful also requires dedication and a love for the intricacies of the task. The art of watchmaking dates back centuries and aspiring watchmakers must embrace traditional craftsmanship as part of the process.

Whether you simply have a passion for timepieces or dream of restoring vintage watches to their former glory, the path to becoming a watchmaker involves a combination of rigorous training and hands-on experience.

The path you take depends on your dedication to the process and whether you want to pursue watchmaking as a hobby or you want to become one of the few outstanding professional watchmakers left in the industry. If you are curious about where to begin, you have come to the right place. We will explore the essential steps needed to enter the captivating world of watchmaking and discover what it takes in order for you to tick the boxes of being a watchmaker.

If you want to dip your toes in the water first before commiting too much time and money then a beginner watchmaking kit would be the best place to begin.

What is a Watchmaker?


Watchmakers are skilled professionals who are involved in the design, creation, maintenance and repair of watch movements and clocks. Professional watchmakers may work independently or be employed by a watchmaking company or jewelers. There are many roles and tasks that a watchmaker can be involved in but overall, the profession requires precision, attention to detail and a passion for horology.

For watchmakers that work for watchmaking companies, common duties include designing and creating watches. In this role, they can contribute to the artistic concepts or specialize in the scientific and artistic aspects of watch creation and evolution. In addition to designing and creating prestigious timepieces for a mass audience, they can also build custom watches for clients or companies on commission.

A more common role of the watchmaker is repairing watches. Typically they work independently or for jewelers exclusively for watch repair and maintenance rather than design and creation. Watchmakers perform tasks such as disassembling watches, cleaning parts and reassembling them. In independent watchmaking shops, customers may seek their services for parts replacement such as straps, cases and crowns.

With unwavering attention to detail, watchmakers can masterfully handle an array of tools and technologies to work with both modern beauties and vintage timepieces. All watchmakers possess an intimate knowledge of various watch brands and models allowing them to diagnose and troubleshoot issues with ease and expertise.

This diverse range of skills and responsibilities makes watchmaking a captivating and highly specialized profession. Over the years, the number of highly qualified watchmakers has significantly dwindled and this highly respected profession is on the search for new talent now more than ever.

Skills of a Watchmaker

There are a variety of different skills that a watchmaker may possess that will no doubt help them succeed in the industry.

Attention to Detail

Attention to detail is paramount in watchmaking due to the intricate and delicate nature of timepieces. The smallest misalignment or imperfection can impact a watch’s accuracy and performance. A watchmaker must meticulously handle tiny components and ensure precise assembly. Every detail matters in order for timepieces to function flawlessly and maintain their longevity.

Steady Hands

Steady hands are crucial in watchmaking allowing for precise and controlled movements when handling delicate watch components. The intricate nature of watchmaking requires steady hands to avoid mishaps, misalignments or damage to the intricate mechanisms. Steady hands are a vital skill that enhances the craftsmanship and ultimately, the reliability of the final product.

Watchmaker Straightening a Wheel


Patience is an essential skill in watchmaking as it involves intricate and delicate work with small components that can take a long time. Patience allows watchmakers to work meticulously ensuring every part is correctly placed and aligned. Additionally, troubleshooting and resolving issues demand a methodical approach making patience indispensable when tackling frustrating intricacies and in delivering precise and reliable watches back to customers.

Customer Service

Once you have reached a level in your watchmaking journey that you can take on customers, customer service is one of the most important parts of watchmaking. Great customer service fosters trust, loyalty and satisfaction among clients. Watchmakers who prioritize excellent customer service build lasting relationships with their customers who often return for repairs, maintenance or even future purchases.

Effective communication and personalized attention to each customer’s needs ensure a positive experience. Going the extra mile to address enquiries or concerns creates a positive brand image and establishes you as a reputable and reliable professional in the watchmaking industry.

Problem Solving

Problem solving and analytical thinking are vital in watchmaking because timepieces often present complex issues that require an evaluation and innovative solutions. Watchmakers must troubleshoot various mechanical problems, diagnose issues accurately and identify the best course of action for repair. A keen problem solving approach ensures the delivery of high-quality, reliable timepieces to customers.

First Steps into the World of Watchmaking

When it comes to entering the world of watchmaking, the first step in the process is ultimately a passion for horology. The other steps can be learnt and perfected but a raw passion for beautiful timepieces is something that comes naturally. Many who venture onto the path of watchmaking have been an enthusiast for many years.

It is likely that you have at least a small collection of watches to admire and most budding watchmakers already actively keep up to date with new releases and research vintage classics. If this sounds like you, there is no doubt that watchmaking is the correct field for you to pursue.

If you have this undeniable passion and interest for watchmaking, you may be wondering what is next. Well now is the time to start building your watchmaking skills independently. Watchmaking is a skill that requires a lot of time, patience and investment. For that reason, it is best to go it alone in the early days to discover whether this path is for you before spending a significant amount of money on training and development.

Begin with smaller and more basic tasks before gradually expanding your skillset. Thankfully, there is a wealth of free knowledge in the 21st century that is easily accessible and can help you start your journey. I created WatchmakingTools to be your one-stop-shop of everything you need to know about the world and intricacies of watchmaking.

WatchmakingTools is an ever-evolving platform taking you from your first steps into the world of watchmaking to the trickiest tasks further down the line. Consider this not only your introduction but your ultimate guide to the watchmaking world and let us help you with our first-hand knowledge and expertise.

Once you have learnt the fundamental basics of watchmaking and have developed some confidence, it is time to expand your knowledge and skill set. Your next steps are just waiting to be walked!

Watchmaking Training

If you’re ready to take your watchmaking to the next level, some formal training should be next on the agenda. Whilst a formal degree is not necessary for even a professional watchmaking career, enrolling in a watchmaking program can prove immensely beneficial to aspiring watchmakers. These specialized programs typically span one to two years and provide comprehensive training that delves deep into the realm of watchmaking.

Regardless of the program or institution, throughout the watchmaking course, students are introduced to the various areas of this captivating profession. You will gain insight into the art of designing exquisite timepieces as well as honing the skills and the technical knowledge required to build, maintain and repair watches with meticulous precision.

The hands-on nature of watchmaking training ensures that students become skilled at handling intricate watch components, using specialized watchmaker tools and implementing quality control procedures to deliver flawless timepieces. This combination of technical expertise and business acumen sets the foundation for a rewarding career as a skilled watchmaker.

Beyond the craft itself, some watchmaking programs often cover essential business aspects, preparing students for success in the industry. Effective communication, customer support and marketing strategies are explored through more in-depth courses. These more advanced programs have an aim for nurturing well-rounded professionals who can not only master the mechanics of watchmaking but also excel in providing exceptional service to clientele.

Pursue a Watchmaking Apprenticeship

In addition to formal training, aspiring watchmakers can benefit from apprenticeships or internships with experienced professionals or esteemed watchmaking companies. These opportunities provide invaluable practical experience and mentorship allowing you to further refine your craft under the guidance of seasoned experts.

Watchmaking apprenticeships help to foster a keen eye for detail and learn about in-depth quality control procedures. Through an apprenticeship, students learn to scrutinize every aspect of their work and build valuable business acumen. Ultimately, you will have first hand experience developing essential skills for building a successful career as a watchmaker.

An apprenticeship allows you to explore the intricacies of the watch industry from the inside, also learning about everything from market trends and consumer preferences to pricing strategies and effective customer engagement. This well-rounded approach not only prepares watchmakers to create, repair and maintain remarkable timepieces whilst also equips you with the knowledge and skills to establish a thriving business or excel in roles within prestigious watchmaking companies.

An apprenticeship also helps you to develop an appreciation for the delicate dance between art and precision that results in watches that not only measure time but also embody the essence of time itself.

IWC Schaffhausen Apprenticeship

In Switzerland, IWC Schaffhausen provides a remarkable 3-year apprenticeship program for aspiring watchmakers. They seek scientifically-inclined individuals who are ready for precise craftsmanship. The requirements include technical aptitude, manual dexterity, keen spatial awareness, patience and other essential skills. This apprenticeship offers a valuable opportunity for young talents to develop their watchmaking expertise and join the esteemed ranks of IWC Schaffhausen’s skilled professionals.

Decide on Certification

Again, certification is not crucial for a watchmaking career, however, there are several reasons why you may consider it. Acquiring relevant certifications can be a transformative step in a watchmaker’s career highlighting your knowledge and expertise. Certifications not only open doors to lucrative job opportunities but also instill confidence in customers. These certifications establish watchmakers as reliable and trusted professionals who possess a deep understanding of the craft.

By pursuing a certification, you will demonstrate your commitment to continuous learning and professional growth. This helps to solidify your position as a respected artist within the horological community. Whether aspiring to excel as an independent watchmaker or seeking employment with prestigious watchmaking companies, these certifications serve as a shining badge of excellence. It showcases your dedication to preserving the artistry and precision required in watchmaking.

US Watchmaking Training

American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute (AWCI)

The AWCI provide comprehensive training programs for individuals seeking to excel in the field of watchmaking. They offer both the Swiss American Watchmakers Training Alliance (SAWTA) and WOSTEP programs.

Norwest School of Horology

The Norwest School of Horology provides comprehensive education and training in the field of horology. The watchmaking school offers a range of courses and workshops aimed at equipping students with the skills and knowledge required to excel in horological craftsmanship. These courses cover various aspects of watch and clock repair, maintenance, restoration, and creation.

Whether one is a beginner seeking an introduction to horology or an experienced individual looking to enhance their expertise, the Norwest School of Horology provides a platform for individuals to learn and develop their horological skills in a supportive and professional environment.

National Association of Watch & Clock Collectors (NAWCC)

The National Association of Watch & Clock Collectors provides a comprehensive education offering centered around horology. Catering to enthusiasts, collectors, and individuals interested in timekeeping, the NAWCC offers a range of educational resources and opportunities. These include workshops, courses, and seminars that cover diverse topics such as clock and watch repair, historical timepieces, and the art of horology. The organization’s emphasis on preserving and sharing the rich heritage of timekeeping is evident through its educational initiatives, fostering a community of knowledge and skill-sharing within the realm of horology.

Horology Society of New York (HSNY)

Beginning in the 1950s, the Horology Society of New York has been providing the public with classes instructed by skilled watchmakers. These acclaimed courses align with HSNY’s core mission, aiming to ensure that horological education is both accessible and engaging for a diverse audience.

York Time Institute

Established since 2008, the York Time Institute proudly offers a comprehensive 54-week Diploma Program, officially sanctioned by the Pennsylvania State Board of Private Licensed Schools. Their esteemed graduates are consistently sought after by prospective employers, reflecting the program’s high caliber. The York Time Institute is deeply committed to equipping students with the expertise required for entry and progression within the intricate realm of Horology. Not only do they uphold longstanding horological traditions, but they also foster the exploration of new horizons through pioneering research.

Veterans Watchmaker Initiative

The primary mission of the Veterans Watchmaker Initiative centers around imparting the intricate craft of watchmaking to military veterans, with a special emphasis on disabled individuals who have served in wars. This unique initiative stands as the sole technical institution dedicated to disabled veterans within the United States. All their educational programs are provided at no cost to the veterans themselves.

Through the establishment of this endeavor, the aim is to honor the dedication and contributions of veterans by equipping them with a sought-after and well-compensated skillset in watchmaking, leveraging cutting-edge equipment for training.

Paris Junior College

Since its establishment in 1942, the Texas Institute of Jewelry Technology at Paris Junior College has garnered a distinguished reputation for its commitment to exceptional education. While this esteemed division of PJC takes pride in its cutting-edge instruction, it also holds a renowned status for imparting traditional craftsmanship. Amidst a true renaissance in mechanical watchmaking, the global demand for graduates on their horology program has reached remarkable heights.

North Seattle College

At North Seattle College, the Watch Technology Institute (WTI) presents an intensive 2-year curriculum dedicated to the expert realm of watch repair. Spanning over 3,000 hours, this comprehensive program is a collaborative effort between Rolex Watch USA, Inc. and NSC, ensuring robust support. The institute’s overarching objective is to produce proficient watchmakers adept at excelling within contemporary retail and service center settings.

Lititz Watch Technicum

In 2001, Rolex established the LWT (Lititz Watch Technicum) as a strategic response to a prevailing challenge affecting the entire watch industry: the scarcity of proficient watchmakers equipped to service luxury brands. This scarcity originally emerged in the 1980s with the introduction of quartz watches, which posed a threat to mechanical timepieces and subsequently led to a decline in the availability of highly skilled watchmakers.

The consequence was a significant reduction in the number of watchmaking institutions in the U.S., dwindling from 40 approximately twenty-five years ago to fewer than 10 at present.

Nevertheless, the 1990s witnessed a resurgence in the sales of high-quality mechanical watches, a trend that continues to flourish. As mechanical watches necessitate regular maintenance involving cleaning, lubrication, and calibration, the industry now confronts a substantial and growing demand for adept maintenance professionals.

Throughout the years, our curriculum has continually evolved to address the contemporary need for proficient watchmakers within the United States. The positive outcomes of these adaptations garnered industry recognition, ultimately leading to the establishment of a novel certification authority – the Swiss American Watchmakers Training Alliance (SAWTA).

Gem City College

At the Gem City College School of Horology, the pursuit of excellence is an esteemed tradition. This institution offers comprehensive training across three key domains that grant immediate recognition as a proficient craftsman, endowed with sought-after skills. This artistry provides boundless avenues for imaginative individuals who revel in the finesse of precision handwork.

Endorsements from seasoned experts across the nation serve as a testament to Gem City’s distinguished status, standing out as one of the premier educational establishments for mastering watchmaking and repair, clock repair, engraving, jewelry design and repair, and diamond-setting.

UK Watchmaking Training

Train with the British Horological Institute

The most reputable institution offering essential certifications is the esteemed British Horological Institute which offers distance learning courses to students across the world. With its unwavering commitment to horological excellence, the institute offers three distinguished vocational watchmaking diplomas, each catering to specific aspects of the craft.

Clock and Watch Servicing

This comprehensive diploma equips aspiring watchmakers with the essential skills needed to perform meticulous servicing on both clocks and watches. Students delve into the intricacies of timekeeping mechanisms, mastering the art of disassembling, cleaning, lubricating and reassembling timepieces with unparalleled precision. This certification ensures that watchmakers are well-versed in the nuances of horological maintenance providing reliable servicing to a diverse range of timepieces.

Repair, Restorative and Conservation of Watches

This specialized diploma delves into the art of watch restoration and conservation, imparting the expertise required to breathe new life into vintage timepieces while preserving their historical integrity. Watchmakers master the art of repairing and restoring aged watches, respecting the original craftsmanship while addressing wear and tear. With this certification, watchmakers can confidently tackle the intricate challenges presented by antique timepieces ensuring they stand the test of time for future generations to admire.

Servicing and Repair of Watches

Focused solely on the intricacies of contemporary watch servicing and repair, this diploma hones watchmakers’ abilities to handle modern timepieces with finesse. From quartz movements to mechanical wonders, students gain a comprehensive understanding of the latest advancements in horology. You will learn to diagnose issues accurately and provide efficient repairs creating a reliable professional who can tackle the challenges of modern watchmaking.

Train at Birmingham City University

In 2012, the Horology department at Birmingham City University pioneered the first horology degree program. The curriculum encompasses specialized modules in watches and clocks, granting students access to comprehensive training and facilities across the university. This well-rounded program equips graduates for diverse career paths including roles as museum curators, researchers, entrepreneurs and skilled watchmakers. The university accepts international students from across the world.

Train at the British School of Watchmaking

An alternative option that is also UK-based is the British School of Watchmaking based in Manchester. The school was founded in 2006 and currently offers two courses. You can opt for an 1,800 hour course which is one year full-time that teaches the basics of watch service. For a more advanced course, there is also a two year 3,000 hour course that features all the modules of the 1,800 hour course with the addition of modules on the making of watch parts.

Brand Accreditation

Rolex Store

In the watchmaking industry, major brands often offer accreditation programs. Whilst they are great opportunities, they are not the easiest to gain and can present some challenges. For instance, to obtain the Rolex accreditation, prior experience with their calibers is required yet to officially work on and acquire parts for Rolex watches, their accreditation is necessary. Accreditation can also be withdrawn without cause due to oversubscription.

Brands may also require specific tools in the workshop which can be costly but seldom used and brands often restrict the resale of their expensive equipment. These practices aim to centralize repairs into main service centers, relying less on third-party workshops. While brand accreditation is valuable, maintaining a good relationship with brand contacts can ensure its ongoing usefulness.

Work Experience

The final step in becoming a watchmaker involves exploring job opportunities or embarking on the journey of establishing an independent watchmaking shop. Many watchmaking companies actively seek candidates with a strong foundation in watchmaking making it essential to tailor your application to meet the specific requirements of each position. Thoroughly review the job description and specifications for the desired role and ensure that your resume highlights your relevant skills, experiences and passion for horology.

Researching common watchmaker interview questions can be a valuable preparation strategy to boost your confidence during the hiring process. By familiarizing yourself with potential interview questions, you can prepare to articulate your expertise and dedication to the craft leaving a lasting impression on the hiring manager.

Embrace the opportunity to share your passion for horology and let your enthusiasm for this timeless craft shine through during every step of the application and interview process. With a combination of expertise, determination and genuine love for the art, you are well on your way to flourishing as a skilled watchmaker in this fascinating world.

Tips for Becoming a Watchmaker

If you’re aspiring to become a watchmaker, here are some valuable tips to guide you on your journey into the captivating world of horology.

Practice Makes Perfect

Practicing is a fundamental aspect of watchmaking that should be embraced from the very beginning of your journey. Starting with basic gadget assembly, such as computer units, and then progressing to affordable watches can lay a strong foundation for your watchmaking skills. Even before formal training or apprenticeship programs, you can engage in assembling and disassembling watches to gain hands-on experience.

As you seek job opportunities in the watchmaking industry, continuous practice in watch assembly and repair is crucial. Repairing watches for friends, dismantling timepieces or volunteering with reputable watchmakers can continue to enhance your skills and familiarity with various watch parts and tasks.

Not only does consistent practice prepare you for potential job openings but it also enhances your confidence and skillset. This hands-on approach fosters a deep understanding of different watches and components, contributing to your growth as a skilled and confident watchmaker.

Watchmaker Assembling a Movement

Interview a Watchmaker

If you’re just beginning your watchmaking journey and wondering whether it is the right path for you then getting to know an experienced watchmaker may help. Engaging with watchmakers allows you to hear first-hand experiences of the industry, delving into the intricacies of the craft and gaining insights into watchmakers’ responsibilities.

By asking about their journey and how long it took them to secure their first job, you can gather valuable lessons and tips to excel in this industry. Speaking with a watchmaker can offer a unique opportunity to assess whether watchmaking aligns with your passions and interests.

Start Small

When learning the trade, it is important to start small with basic tasks and slowly build up as you learn the discipline. You do not want to tinker with an important watch and get involved in intricate tasks before you have reached a certain skill level. Training and development whether through short courses, apprenticeships, certification or work experience will develop you to a point where you can confidently complete processes independently. It is wise not to explore the more intricate tasks before reaching this point.

Becoming a Watchmaker

Ultimately, the journey to becoming a watchmaker is a harmonious blend of tradition and innovation where passion and dedication to the art of timekeeping meet. With each tick of the clock, watchmakers add to a timeless legacy and leave a mark on an industry that celebrates the precision and craftsmanship of beautiful timepieces.

If you think we’ve missed anything, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.

How to Become a Watchmaker FAQ

Watchmaking is the craft of designing, creating, maintaining and repairing watch movements and clocks. Watchmakers use specialized tools and techniques to work with both modern and vintage timepieces. Watchmaking requires precision, attention to detail and a passion for horology.

To become a watchmaker, you need to have a passion for horology and a willingness to learn the skills and knowledge required for this profession. You can start by practicing with basic watch assembly and repair tasks, then enroll in a watchmaking program or apprenticeship to gain formal training and experience. You can also pursue certifications from reputable institutions or brands to demonstrate your expertise and credibility.

The length of training to become a watchmaker depends on the type and level of program or course you choose. Some watchmaking programs can take one to two years to complete, while others may take longer depending on the depth and scope of the curriculum. Apprenticeships or internships can also vary in duration depending on the availability and requirements of the mentors or employers.

The income of watchmakers can vary depending on their skills, experience, location and employer. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for watch repairers was $42,180 in 2020. However, some watchmakers may earn more or less depending on their qualifications, reputation and clientele.

Watchmaking can be a rewarding career for those who have a passion for horology and enjoy working with intricate and delicate mechanisms. Watchmaking is a highly specialized and respected profession that offers opportunities for creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship. Watchmakers can work independently or for prestigious watchmaking companies or jewelers. Watchmaking can also be a fulfilling hobby that allows you to express your personality and style through your own timepieces.

If you are interested in learning more about watchmaking, we have comprehensive information and guidance on the world and intricacies of watchmaking. You can find articles, videos, courses, workshops and other resources that cover various aspects of watch and clock repair, maintenance, restoration and creation. WatchmakingTools is your one-stop-shop for everything you need to know about the fascinating craft of watchmaking.

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